FORD SCORPIO

1985-1994 of release

Repair and operation of the car



Ford Skorpio
- 1.1. Identification of the car
   1.2. Prevention signs
   1.3. Dashboard and combination of devices
   1.4. Control levers on a steering column
   1.5. Keys
   1.6. Doors
   1.7. Blocking of a steering column / lock of ignition
   1.8. Manual transmission
   1.9. Automatic transmission
   1.10. Window regulators with the electric drive
   1.11. Adjustment of provision of a steering wheel
   1.12. Sitting lobbies
   1.13. Illumination of salon
   1.14. External rear-view mirrors with the electric drive
   1.15. Increase in volume of the luggage compartment
   1.16. Screen wipers and washers
   1.17. Raising of the car
   1.18. Towing of the car
   1.19. Start of the engine
   1.20. Start of the cold petrol engine
   1.21. Start of the hot petrol engine
   1.22. Start of the petrol engine with a fuel modulation
   1.23. Start of the diesel engine
   1.24. Features of operation of the car
+ 2. Maintenance
+ 3. Engines
+ 4. Cooling system
+ 5. Fuel system
+ 6. Coupling
+ 7. Transmissions
+ 8. Driveshaft and back bridge
+ 9. Steering
+ 10. Suspension brackets
+ 11. Brake system
+ 12. Wheels and tires
+ 13. Body
+ 14. Electric equipment


9d8db598

1.3. Dashboard and combination of devices

GENERAL INFORMATION

The dashboard (the early version – full)

1 – forward fog lights,
2 – back fog lights,
3 – fuel computer,
4 – tachometer,
5 – index of turns,
6 – speedometer,
7 – the counter of a run and the button of dumping on zero daily counter of a run,
8 – index of level of fuel,
9 – index of temperature,
10 – control lamp of an overheat,
11 – control lamp of a reserve of fuel,
12 – display,
13 – management of temperature and distribution of air,
14 – heater of back glass,
15 – windshield heater,
16 – handle of control of the fan,
17 – radio receiver,
18 – amplifier,
19 – ashtray,
20 – lighter,
21 – control lamp of automatic maintenance of speed of the car,
22 – control lamp of driving beam of headlights,
  23 – control lamp of level of cooling liquid,
24 – ignition lock,
25 – a control lamp of level of liquid for glass washing,
26 – sound signal,
27 – management of automatic maintenance of speed of the car,
28 – turning on of the alarm light system,
29 – control bulb of accumulator charging,
30 – control bulb of pressure of oil,
31 – control bulb of the emergency brake and very low level of brake fluid,
32 – proofreader of light of headlights,
33 – control lamp of wear of brake shoes,
34 – control lamp of ABS,
35 – dashboard illumination regulator,
36 – switch of external lighting

Dashboard (early version)

2 – back fog lights,
5 – index of turns,
6 – speedometer,
7 – the counter of a run and the button of dumping on zero daily counter of a run,
8 – index of level of fuel,
9 – index of temperature,
13 – management of temperature and distribution of air,
14 – heater of back glass,
16 – handle of control of the fan,
17 – radio receiver,
19 – ashtray,
20 – lighter,
22 – control lamp of driving beam of headlights,
24 – ignition lock,
26 – sound signal,
28 – turning on of the alarm light system,
29 – control bulb of accumulator charging,
30 – control bulb of pressure of oil,
31 – control bulb of the emergency brake and very low level of brake fluid,
34 – control lamp of ABS,
36 – switch of external lighting,
37 – hours,
38 – the indicator of not fastened seat belts,
39 – sound distributor,
40 – indicator of work of candles of an incandescence

The dashboard (the late version – full)

3 – fuel computer,
4 – tachometer,
5 – index of turns,
6 – speedometer,
7 – the counter of a run and the button of dumping on zero daily counter of a run,
8 – index of level of fuel,
9 – index of temperature,
12 – display,
13 – management of temperature and distribution of air,
14 – heater of back glass,
15 – windshield heater,
16 – handle of control of the fan,
18 – radio receiver,
19 – ashtray,
20 – lighter,
21 – control lamp of automatic maintenance of speed of the car,
22 – control lamp of driving beam of headlights,
23 – control lamp of level of cooling liquid,
24 – ignition lock,
25 – a control lamp of level of liquid for glass washing,
26 – sound signal,
27 – management of automatic maintenance of speed of the car,
28 – turning on of the alarm light system,
29 – control bulb of accumulator charging,
30 – control bulb of pressure of oil,
31 – control bulb of the emergency brake and very low level of brake fluid,
32 – proofreader of light of headlights,
33 – control lamp of wear of brake shoes,
34 – control lamp of ABS,
35 – dashboard illumination regulator,
36 – switch of external lighting and fog lights,
41 – safety cushion indicator

Combination of devices (the early version – full)

4 – tachometer,
5 – index of turns,
6 – speedometer,
7 – the counter of a run and the button of dumping on zero daily counter of a run,
8 – index of level of fuel,
9 – index of temperature,
11 – control lamp of a reserve of fuel,
12 – display,
22 – control lamp of driving beam of headlights,

  23 – control lamp of level of cooling liquid,
25 – a control lamp of level of liquid for glass washing,
29 – control bulb of accumulator charging,
30 – control bulb of pressure of oil,
31 – control bulb of the emergency brake and very low level of brake fluid,
33 – control lamp of wear of brake shoes,
34 – control lamp of ABS,
40 – indicator of work of candles of an incandescence

Combination of devices (early version)

4 – tachometer,
5 – index of turns,
6 – speedometer,
7 – the counter of a run and the button of dumping on zero daily counter of a run,
8 – index of level of fuel,
9 – index of temperature,
22 – control lamp of driving beam of headlights,
  29 – control bulb of accumulator charging,
30 – control bulb of pressure of oil,
31 – control bulb of the emergency brake and very low level of brake fluid,
34 – control lamp of ABS,
41 – safety cushion indicator

Combination of devices (the late version – full)

4 – tachometer,
5 – index of turns,
6 – speedometer,
7 – the counter of a run and the button of dumping on zero daily counter of a run,
8 – index of level of fuel,
9 – index of temperature,
11 – kontorlny bulb of level of fuel,
12 – display,
22 – control lamp of driving beam of headlights,
21 – control lamp of automatic maintenance of speed of the car,
23 – control lamp of level of cooling liquid,
25 – a control lamp of level of liquid for glass washing,
29 – control bulb of accumulator charging,
30 – control bulb of pressure of oil,
31 – control bulb of the emergency brake and very low level of brake fluid,
33 – control lamp of wear of brake shoes,
34 – control lamp of ABS,
41 – safety cushion indicator

Prevention

The following description is the general for three types of dashboards and a combination of devices.


Digital watch

Hours show time up to 12 or 24 hours. For definition of an operating mode of hours it is necessary to press both buttons at the same time. When highlighting on the screen 1:00 on hours the 12-hour mode is established, and when highlighting 0:00 – the 24-hour mode.

At installation of time for the translation for the hour ahead it is necessary to press the left button. For the translation of the minutes ahead it is necessary to press the right button. At deduction of the pressed button there is an accelerated counting of hours or minutes.

For exact installation of time it is necessary to press both buttons and to release them on a signal of the exact time.

Fuel computer (early version) (3)


And – instant fuel consumption,
In – average fuel consumption from the last pressing computer buttons,
With – fuel consumption at start in liters from the last pressing computer buttons,
D – a course stock in kilometers on the fuel which remained in a tank,
Е – function choice. When pressing all 4 functions change. Each function is indicated a board,
F – (L) button of switching to metric or English imperial system,
G – (C) call button

The computer shows and updates information of fuel consumption, a stock of the course and profitability. It is equipped with a signal of pressing of buttons and a reserve of fuel. Illumination of the computer joins at inclusion of external lighting and is regulated by the illumination regulator.

The computer obtains basic data from the sensor from the fuel tank and on the basis of fuel consumption in the last 10–20 minutes of operation of the engine. Constantly changing operating conditions of the engine change fuel consumption which it is possible to watch constantly. These data obtained by the driver facilitate driving. The driver is told by a sound signal the fuel rest on 80, 40 and 20 kilometers of a run of the car. This signal joins pressing of the button 3 and after five signals is switched off automatically. The fuel rest in a tank makes 5 liters when the index of a residual run specifies 0 km. The computer counts a course stock in kilometers when filling in the fuel tank not less than 9 liters of fuel again.

Fuel computer / multipurpose hours (late version) (3)

1 – hour display,

2 – button of the choice of functions of the clock,

3 – display of the fuel computer,

4 – button of the choice of functions of the computer,

5 – dumping button,

6 – installation button,

7 – button of management

Multipurpose hours can show:

  – time (hours and minutes);
  – calendar;
  – stop watch;
  – temperature of external air.

The fuel computer can show:

  – car run;
  – average speed;
  – instant fuel consumption;
  – average fuel consumption;
  – a course stock on the remained fuel.

Button of the choice of function of the clock. It is necessary to press the button until on the hour display the corresponding indicator does not appear.

Button of the choice of functions of the computer. It is necessary to press the button until on the display of the fuel computer the corresponding indicator does not appear.

The button of dumping (R) is used for zeroing of indications of a stop watch and the computer, and also at installation of time and a calendar on hours.

The button of installation (S) is used for installation of time and a calendar, start and a stop of a stop watch, and also for switching of units of measure of temperature (°C or °F).

The button of management is used for switching of operation of buttons of dumping and installation to the display of hours or the computer.

MULTIPURPOSE HOURS

Installation of time

PERFORMANCE ORDER
1. For installation of time it is necessary to include ignition and to press the button managements before emergence on the hour display of the arrow specifying an operating mode (12 or 24 hours).
2. Pressing the button of the choice of function of the clock, it is necessary to set time mode.
3. Pressing the button of installation (S), to choose the mode of hours. The am indicator corresponds to indications of hours in the forenoon, and "pm" – in the afternoon.
4. Pressing the button of dumping (R), to choose the mode to or in the afternoon.
Installation of hours
5. For installation it is necessary to install time display, then to twice press the button of installation (S) that will lead to a blinking of figure of hours, and then, pressing the button of dumping (R), to establish indications of hours.
Installation of minutes
6. For installation it is necessary to install time display, then three times to press the button of installation (S) that will lead to a blinking of figure of minutes, and then, pressing the button of dumping (R), to establish indications of minutes.
7. After installation of time it is necessary to press the button of the choice of functions of the clock.
Installation of a calendar
8. It is necessary for installation, pressing the button of the choice of functions, to establish a calendar on the hour display.
Installation of month
9. For installation it is necessary to press the button of installation (S) that will lead to a blinking of the figure designating month and then, pressing the button of dumping (R), to establish month.
Installation of day of the week
10. For installation it is necessary to press twice the button of installation (S) that will lead to a blinking of the figure designating day of the week and then, pressing the button of dumping (R), to determine day of the week.
11. After installation of a calendar it is necessary to press the button of the choice of functions of the clock.
Stop watch
12. It is necessary for installation, pressing the button of the choice of functions, to establish a stop watch on the hour display.
13. Pressing the button of installation (S) makes start of counting of time a stop watch, and repeated pressing of the button of installation (S) conducts to a stop watch stop. The subsequent pressing of the button of installation (S) make start and a stop of a stop watch. Pressing of the button of dumping (R) leads to zeroing of indications of a stop watch. Work of a stop watch can be continued also when switching to any other functions of the clock, at the same time the symbol of a stop watch will blink.
Temperature of external air
14. It is necessary for installation, pressing the button of the choice of functions, to establish measurement of temperature on the hour display.
15. Pressing the button of installation (S) makes switchings of units of measure of temperature (°C or °F).

FUEL COMPUTER

The choice of function of display of information is made by pressing of the button of the choice of functions of the computer.

Car run. On the display the car run is displayed (to 999 km) from the moment of the last dumping on zero. Dumping of indications of a run on zero is made by the button of dumping (R).

Average speed of the car. On the display the average speed of the car at a run of the last 1000 km is displayed or from the moment of the last dumping on zero. Dumping of indications on zero is made by the button of dumping (R).

Instant fuel consumption. On the display instant fuel consumption, i.e. fuel consumption by the engine at the moment is displayed.

Average fuel consumption. On the display average fuel consumption is displayed from the moment of the last dumping on zero. Dumping of indications on zero is made by the button of dumping (R).

Course stock on the remained fuel. On the display the distance in kilometers which can pass the car on the fuel which remained in a tank at observance of former traffic conditions is displayed. At the indication of 0 km the sound signal will sound.

Tachometer (4)

The maximum speed of rotation makes 6000 rpm. Short-term speeding of rotation of 6000 rpm is admissible. Speeding of rotation of 7000 rpm is forbidden.

Control bulbs of indexes of turns (5)

The bulb blinks at inclusion of the corresponding turn. At burn-out of one of bulbs of turns, the control bulb of the index of turns begins to blink with the doubled frequency.

Speedometer (6)

The speedometer shows the instantaneous velocity of the movement of the car.

Temporary counter of kilometers (7)

Dumping of the temporary counter on zero happens when pressing the button which is under a scale.

Total counter of kilometers (7)

Shows a total run of the car.

Index of level of fuel (8)

The scale of the index is broken into 4 parts of volume of the fuel tank. Its volume makes 70 dm3. The index shows amount of fuel in a tank even at switching off of ignition.

At an index arrow exit to the red sector the scale in a tank remained about 10 liters of fuel.

Index of temperature of cooling liquid (9)

At a normal temperature of the engine of the shooter of the index has to be in the sector of "NORM" of a scale.

Overheat indicator (diesel) (10)

The blinking of the indicator indicates an engine overheat. In this case it is necessary to stop immediately the car, to leave the engine to work at single turns and to define the overheat reason.

Control lamp of a reserve of fuel (11)

Fire of a bulb warns that the fuel rest in a tank makes about 8 liters.

Display (12)

The display works only at inclusion of ignition. On the display information on a condition of brakes, bulbs of external lighting, closing of doors and a luggage carrier and external air temperature is displayed. Check of all functions is made after inclusion of ignition within 5 seconds. At identification of violation of work of any of controlled systems on the display the corresponding symbol lights up.

Brakes. At failure of one brake contour the corresponding symbol within 30 seconds will blink.

External temperature (a). Fire of a yellow symbol on the display warns that temperature of external air is ranging from + 4 to +1 °C, and a red symbol – that air temperature is below 0 °C. The lag effect of display of temperature makes about 10 seconds.

Idle bulb of external lighting (b). Fire of symbols of bulbs indicates malfunction of a bulb, safety lock or electric power-supply circuit of a bulb.

Doors (c). At incomplete closing of doors or a luggage carrier the corresponding symbol on the display lights up.

Not fastened seat belt (d).

System of heating and ventilation (13)

 

Temperature and the direction of air supply (to a windshield or legs) is regulated by switches. The volume and the direction of air supply in average and side nozzles are regulated by corrugated wheels. Glasses of forward doors are blown by the nozzles which are rigidly fixed on the panel.

Three-stage switch of the fan of a heater:

about – the fan is switched off,
I – small speed of the fan,
II – the average speed of the fan,
III – the high speed of the fan

Position of the fan 2 and 3 are used for bystry warming up of salon in cold time or ventilation of salon during a heat.

The handle of adjustment of temperature of the air given to salon: Turn to the left – cold air, turn to the right – hot air.

Air stream distributor:
for removal of the condensed moisture from a windshield or for its defrosting it is necessary to install handles of management in extreme right situation.

Conditioner: on models with the conditioner the three-stage switch of the fan of a heater has six provisions, except neutral. At turn of the handle ventilation of salon by external air in the usual mode is clockwise made. At turn of the handle ventilation of salon is counterclockwise made by internal air.

For turning on of the conditioner it is necessary to press the fan switch handle. The conditioner works only at the working engine, at the same time it is necessary to close all windows.

Heater of back glass (14)

The heater of back glass joins only at the included ignition and is automatically switched off approximately in 10 minutes of work. If on the car mirrors with electroheating are established, they join together with a heater of back glass.

Heater of a windshield (15)

The heater is used for defrosting of a windshield and a washer, and also for glass fogging elimination. The heater works only at the included ignition and is automatically switched off approximately in 4 minutes of work.

Control lamp of automatic maintenance of speed of the car (21)

Lights up at inclusion of system of automatic maintenance of speed of the car.

Control bulb of driving beam of headlights (22)

Lights up at inclusion of driving beam of headlights.

Control lamp of level of cooling liquid (23)

Fire of a bulb warns that the level of cooling liquid in a broad tank went down to the mark "MIN". It is necessary to restore the level of cooling liquid immediately. If need of a dolivaniye of cooling liquid arises often, then it is necessary to check tightness of the cooling system.

Control lamp of level of liquid for washing of glass (25)

Fire of a bulb warns that the liquid rest for washing of glass is equal 1/4 from a full tank.

System of automatic maintenance of speed of the car (27)

Buttons of management are specified by shooters.

Inclusion of system of automatic maintenance of speed of the car is made by the top button on the left side of a steering wheel.

Switching off of system of automatic maintenance of speed of the car is made by the lower button on the left side
steering wheel. The system is switched off automatically if:

 – speed of the car is less than 40 km/h;
 – turns of the engine will exceed 5700 rpm.

Storing of speed of the car happens when pressing the top button on the right side of a steering wheel (to a sign +). Pressing and deduction of this button leads to gradual increase in speed of the car. After an otpuskaniye of the button the former speed of the car will be restored.

For reduction of speed of the car in the mode of automatic maintenance of speed of the car it is necessary to press the lower button on the left side of a steering wheel (with a sign-) and to hold it before achievement of the required speed then to release. Repeated pressing this button will lead to restoration of former speed of the car.


Prevention

By pressing any pedal of management there is an immediate shutdown of system of automatic maintenance of speed of the car. For restoration of automatic maintenance of speed of the car it is necessary to press on to press the lower button on the left side of a steering wheel (with a sign-).


About inclusion of system of automatic maintenance of speed of the car the control bulb signals.

Control bulb of accumulator charging (29)


This bulb begins to shine at inclusion of ignition and has to go out after the engine is started. The luminescence of a control bulb of accumulator charging during the movement testifies to malfunction of system of charging. It is necessary to switch off immediately the engine and to check a tension of a driving belt of the generator, and also fastening of clips of the accumulator. If everything is normal, but the bulb continues to burn, ask for the help on the nearest car repair shop.

Control bulb of pressure of oil (30)

The control bulb of pressure of oil which is on a combination of devices begins to shine at inclusion of ignition and has to go out after the engine is started. If this bulb is lit during the movement, then it is necessary to stop and check oil level immediately. If level normal, and a bulb all the same shines, then it is necessary to address to repair shop.

Control bulb of the emergency brake and very low level of brake fluid (31)

Fire of this bulb testifies about:

 – the tightened emergency brake;
 – too low level of brake fluid in a tank. In that case it is necessary to check the level of brake fluid, to add it and to address on car repair shop for establishment of the reason of reduction of brake fluid.

Fire of this bulb at the movement can also inform on failure of one brake contour that will lead to reduction of efficiency of braking.

At simultaneous fire of a control bulb of the emergency brake and very low level of brake fluid and a control bulb of anti-blocking system of brakes it is necessary to stop immediately the car and to eliminate malfunction in the brake system or to ask for the help on the nearest car repair shop.

The proofreader of light of headlights with manual adjustment (32)

Rotation of the handle corrects a tilt angle of a beam of light of headlights depending on loading of the car. The turn of the handle counterclockwise lowers a beam of light down (when loading the car) and vice versa, the turn of the handle clockwise lifts a beam of light of headlights. The starting position "0" corresponds to loading of the car only by the driver and the passenger on forward sitting.

Control bulb of wear of brake shoes (33)

If this bulb is lit, then it is necessary to replace brake shoes as soon as possible.

Control bulb of anti-blocking system of brakes (ABS) (34)

Fire of this bulb demonstrates existence of malfunction in anti-blocking system. The brake system continues to work in the usual mode of braking.

At simultaneous fire of a control bulb of the emergency brake and very low level of brake fluid and a control bulb of anti-blocking system of brakes it is necessary to stop immediately the car and to eliminate malfunction in the brake system or to ask for the help on the nearest car repair shop.

Regulator of level of illumination of devices (35)

Turning the handle of the regulator of level of illumination of devices, it is possible to establish desirable intensity of lighting of devices.

Switch of external lighting (36)

The switch has four fixed situation at turn of the handle and two fixed situation at a handle pulling.

The starting position – all external lighting is switched off.

Turn of the handle counterclockwise on one situation – only the left marker lights are included. This situation is used at stops in night-time with the switched-off engine for the purpose of economy of the electric power.

Turn of the handle clockwise on one situation – marker lights are included.

Turn of the handle clockwise on two provisions – marker lights and headlights are included. Headlights work only at the included ignition.

Prevention

In case marker lights are not switched off and the driver's door is open, then the buzzer will sound.


Turn of the handle clockwise on two provisions and a pulling of the handle on one situation – marker lights, headlights and forward fog lights are included.

Turn of the handle clockwise on two provisions and a pulling of the handle on two provisions – marker lights, headlights and back fog lamps are included.
Prevention

On the cars which do not have lobbies of fog lights, the handle is extended only on one situation. At a pulling of the handle the corresponding control bulbs light up.


Indicator of work of candles of an incandescence (40)

This bulb begins to burn at inclusion of ignition. When it goes out, the engine can be started.

Safety cushion (41)

After inclusion of ignition the bulb has to burn within 5 seconds that testifies to serviceability of a control system of a safety cushion.